Former premier Silvio Berlusconi has been expelled from the Italian Senate over his tax fraud conviction.
The vote to remove him bars the 77-year-old from office for at least six years, but does not mark the end of his political career.
Berlusconi maintained his defiance ahead of the vote, declaring a “day of mourning for democracy” before thousands of cheering, flag-waving supporters outside his Roman palazzo.
Even though Berlusconi will not hold a seat in parliament, he is expected to remain influential in Italian politics.
He has relaunched his Forza Italia party and analysts estimate he still commands millions of supporters.