The death of a doctor who was reprimanded for warning about China’s new coronavirus has triggered fury that communist authorities put politics above public safety.
Dr Li Wenliang has become the face of simmering anger at the ruling Communist Party’s controls over information, amid complaints that officials lie about or hide disease outbreaks, chemical spills, dangerous consumer products or financial frauds.
The 34-year-old ophthalmologist died overnight at Wuhan Central Hospital, where he worked and was likely to have contracted the virus while treating patients in the early days of the outbreak.
“A hero who released information about Wuhan’s epidemic in the early stage, Dr Li Wenliang is immortal,” the China Centre for Disease Control’s chief scientist Zeng Guang wrote on the Sina Weibo microblog service.
Police in December reprimanded eight doctors including Dr Li for warning friends on social media about the emerging threat.
China’s supreme court later criticised the police, but the ruling party has also tightened its grip on information about the outbreak.
Weibo users have left hundreds of thousands of messages below Dr Li’s last post.
A post by one of Dr Li’s co-workers, an A&E nurse, said the freezing Wuhan weather was “as gloomy as my mood”.
“To you, we are angels and so strong. But how strong a heart can watch the people around me fall one by one without being shocked?” wrote Li Mengping on her verified account.
Others placed blame for the deaths on Chinese officials, not an animal species from where the virus might have spread, and said those who made trouble for the doctor should face consequences.
The most pointed online comments were quickly deleted by censors.
The ruling party has faced similar accusations of bungling or thuggish behaviour following previous disasters.
They include the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome, a 2005 chemical spill that disrupted water supplies to millions of people in China’s north east, sales of tainted milk that sickened thousands of children and the failure of private finance companies after the global economic crisis.
In each case, officials were accused of trying to conceal or delay release of information that members of the public said they needed to protect themselves.
The party often responds by allowing the public to vent temporarily, then uses its control of media and the internet to stifle criticism.
Critics who persist can be jailed on vague charges of spreading rumours or making trouble.
On the streets of the capital Beijing, residents expressed sadness and said that China should learn from Dr Li.
“He is such a nice person, but still didn’t pull through,” said Ning Yanqing.
“Those left do not dare to speak out. Alas, I don’t know what to say.”
Some online comments hinted at broader dissatisfaction with the party and Chinese President Xi Jinping, who has tightened controls on society since taking power in 2012.
The most powerful Chinese leader since at least the 1980s, Mr Xi gave himself the option of remaining president for life by changing the Chinese constitution in 2018 to remove a two-term limit.
Referring to one of Mr Xi’s propaganda initiatives, a message that circulated on social media said: “My ‘Chinese Dream’ is broken.”
In Wuhan, local leaders were accused of telling doctors in December not to publicise the spreading virus in order to avoid casting a shadow over the annual meeting of a local legislative body.
As the virus spread, doctors were ordered to delete posts on social media that appealed for donations of medical supplies.
That prompted complaints authorities were more worried about image than public safety.
Dr Li was detained by police after warning about the virus on a social media group for his former classmates.
The latest episode is unusually awkward for the ruling party because Dr Li was a medic, part of a group who are regarded as overworked, underpaid heroes who are China’s line of defence against a frightening new disease.
“He showed a responsible attitude towards the society,” said Cai Lin, a Beijing resident.
“He is honest and faithful. So I think the whole society should reflect on this.”
The World Health Organisation, which has praised China’s response to the outbreak, said in a tweet that “we are deeply saddened by the passing of Dr Li Wenliang. We all need to celebrate work that he did on” the virus.
The official propaganda apparatus tried to mollify the public.
“Some of Li Wenliang’s experiences during his life reflect shortcomings and deficiencies in epidemic prevention and control,” said state television on its website.
The Chinese ambassador to Washington Cui Tiankai said on Twitter, a service the ruling party’s internet censorship blocks the public from seeing: “Really saddened by the death of Dr Li Wenliang. He was a very devoted doctor. We are so grateful to him for what he has done in our joint efforts fighting against #2019nCoV.”
The government announced a team from Beijing would be sent to Wuhan to investigate “issues reported by the masses involving Dr Li Wenliang”.