The World Anti-Doping Agency's compliance review committee has recommended Kenya be declared non-compliant, casting doubt on the country's participation in this summer's Olympic Games.
Having missed two deadlines to show it was addressing serious worries about its anti-doping efforts, Kenya passed legislation last month to create a new national anti-doping agency.
But that has not been enough to satisfy WADA.
The agency broke the news on its Twitter account, saying: "The WADA CRC has made the unanimous recommendation that Kenya be declared non-compliant with immediate effect.
"The CRC cites issues with Kenya's legislation which it says is not in line with the World Anti-Doping Code."
The CRC cites issues with #Kenya's legislation which it says is not in line with the World Anti-Doping Code.— WADA (@wada_ama) May 12, 2016
The recommendation needs to be ratified by the WADA board but it would be up to the International Olympic Committee to decide whether to ban Kenya from the Rio Games.
Russian athletes are already facing the prospect of not being allowed to compete in Rio after they were banned from international competition by the IAAF in November.
Kenya won 11 medals at London 2012, including two golds, all in athletics.