The Republic of Ireland will face Wales, Austria, Serbia, Moldova and Georgia in World Cup 2018 Qualifying Group D.
Martin O’Neill’s Republic of Ireland side in the pot of fourth seeds.
Group rivals Wales have only attended a World Cup finals once in their history, in 1958.
The winners of each group will qualify automatically for the finals in Russia, with the runners-up having to take part in a play-off.
Northern Ireland will have to face world champions Germany in Group C along with the Czech Republic, Norway, Azerbaijan and San Marino.
England and Scotland will clash after being drawn in the same group.
The two nations were drawn in Group F along with Slovakia, Slovenia, Lithuania and Malta.
England have not failed to qualify for a World Cup since 1994, though they did miss out on the European Championships in 2008.
European group-by-group guide to the 2018 World Cup qualifying draw:
GROUP A: Holland, France, Sweden, Bulgaria, Belarus, Luxembourg
GROUP B: Portugal, Switzerland, Hungary, Faroe Islands, Latvia, Andorra
GROUP C: Germany, Czech Republic, Northern Ireland, Norway, Azerbaijan, San Marino
GROUP D: Wales, Austria, Serbia, Republic of Ireland, Moldova, Georgia
GROUP E: Romania, Denmark, Poland, Montenegro, Armenia, Kazakhstan
GROUP F: England, Slovakia, Scotland, Slovenia, Lithuania, Malta
GROUP G: Spain, Italy, Albania, Israel, FYR Macedonia, Liechtenstein
GROUP H: Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Estonia, Cyprus
GROUP I: Croatia, Iceland, Ukraine, Turkey, Finland