We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.
Violence in the North, the space race, and the infamous Chappaquiddick incident involving Edward Kennedy were in the headlines 50 years ago. All three issues were to appear in the headlines for the years and decades to come.
On August 9, 1969, Examiner readers awoke to news of further unrest in Northern Ireland as then prime minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark engaged in talks with British home secretary James Callaghan. The previous week had seen “fighting in the street on the Shankill and Crumlin Roads”.
The report warned that Derry had seen more violence than Belfast over the previous 10 months amid fears that it was “the political volcano in the North.
Down south, we learned that 1969 was a bumper year for Irish tourism with a record £63m in tourist revenue in 1968 — up £10m on the previous years.
However, the main story was that the French Government had announced a 12.5% devaluation in the Franc as a “way out of the country’s long economic sickness”.
Fast forward 30 years to 1999, and sport and donations to political parties were in the news. The Irish Examiner led with details of a dinner party for Albert Reynolds where property developer Owen O’Callaghan made a £100,000 donation to the Fianna Fáil party.
Receiving almost equal billing on the page were details of Cork’s victory over reigning All Ireland champions Offaly in the All Ireland hurling championship in a “pulsating” encounter. The rebels would go on to win their 28th title the following month in a one-point victory over Kilkenny.
August 9, 2009 fell on a Sunday, but that weekend Ireland learned that a young woman from the west of Ireland had become the country’s first swine flu fatality. The woman, who had an underlying medical condition, died in Tallaght Hospital and became the first Irish person to die of the virus since cases emerged that May.
Elsewhere, Tesco was about to roll out €100m in price cuts across Munster as a supermarket price war saw Tesco, Dunnes, and SuperValu battled to lure customers away from Aldi and Lidl.
On August 9, 2014, hospital waiting lists and plans for redress for survivors of the Magdalene laundries were front-page news. We learned that the number of people waiting more than a year for hospital appointments had surged by some 600% since just the previous December.
The Justice for Magdalenes campaign had also hit out at the Government’s planned redress scheme for Magdalene survivors, stating that planned medical entitlements fell short of what was recommended by Justice John Quirke. The group continues to make this claim to this day. The redress scheme remains controversial and was found by the Ombudsman in 2017 to have been maladministered by the Department of Justice.
On August 9, 2018, in an interview with the Irish Examiner, Justice Minister Charlie Flanagan revealed plans for changes to rape trials in the wake of the high-profile Belfast ‘rugby rape trial’.
Hospital waiting lists were also in the news with the Government examining new laws to directly penalise hospitals, medics, and managers for breaking waiting time targets.
48BC: Julius Caesar defeated Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus to become absolute ruler of Rome.
1631: John Dryden, Britain’s first official Poet Laureate, was born.
1794: In revolutionary France, army general Napoleon Bonaparte was arrested on suspicion of Robespierrism (establishing a reign of terror).
1842: The United States and Britain signed the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, establishing the boundary between theUS and Canada from Maine to the Great Lakes.
1870: The Elementary Education Bill guaranteed free education to every English child.
1903: In Rome, following the death of Pope Leo XIII, Giuseppe Sarto was crowned as Pope Pius X before 70,000 people.
1910: Chicago inventor Alva J Fisher patented the first electric washing machine, a much improved version of the manual wringers that were widely used at the time.
1938: Tennis great Rod Laver was born in Rockhampton, Australia. Laver is one of only two players to be a two-time Grand Slam champion, winning Wimbledon and the French, Australian and US Opens in the same calendar year.
1942: Mahatma Gandhi was arrested for his Quit India campaign, demanding the immediate withdrawal of the British from India.
1945: An estimated 74,000 people were killed when the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, reducing a wide area of the city to ashes.
1969: Actress Sharon Tate and four others were brutally murdered at Tate’s Beverly Hills home by followers of cult leader Charles Manson. Tate, the wife of film director Roman Polanski, was eight months pregnant at the time.
1974: Gerald Ford was sworn in as 38th president of the US following the resignation of Richard Nixon the previous day.
1975: Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer, died. He wrote 15 symphonies as well as operas, ballets and film and theatre scores.
1979: Britain’s first nudist beach opened in Brighton.
1989: The US Air Force released details about its newest secret weapon, the Lockheed F-117A, or Stealth bomber, which could not be detected by radar.
1993: Movie moguls trembled as Hollywood “madam” Heidi Fleiss appeared in court on charges of procuring girls for prostitution.
1995: Jerry Garcia, lead singer with the Grateful Dead rock band and a leading symbol of the counter-culture revolution of the 1960s, died from a heart attack
1999: Former KGB officer Vladimir Putin was named acting prime minister of Russia after President Boris Yeltsin sacked Sergei Stepashin, the fourth prime minister to be dismissed in 17 months.
2010: The UN described the floods in Pakistan as the worst natural disaster in years, worse than the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami of 2004, the Kashmir earthquake of 2005 and January’s Haiti earthquake, as the number of people affected reached an estimated 15m.
2010: American politician Ted Stevens was killed in a plane crash in Alaska at age 86. He served as senator for Alaska from 1968-2009, making him the longest-serving Republican senator in history. In 2008, Stevens was embroiled in a federal corruption trial as he ran for re-election to the senate. He was found guilty and was narrowly defeated at the polls eight days later, but six months after that his conviction was dismissed on grounds of gross prosecutorial misconduct.
2011: Thousands of extra police were deployed in London, which remained calm after three nights of violent unrest. Rioting and looting swept through parts of north-west England and the Midlands, with Manchester, Liverpool, and Birmingham witnessing some of the worst violence.
2014: The shooting dead of an unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, 18, by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, sparked outrage which rapidly spread across the United States.