We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.
August 23- 50 years ago
On this day 50 years ago, industry was brewing in Midleton, Co Cork as it awaited the final go-ahead for a new distillery.
The impending decision, which was to be made by the United Distillers of Ireland, would see the Cork town become the "whiskey and vodka capital of the Republic”, the front page of the Cork Examiner told its readers.
At a press conference at the Jameson Distillery in Dublin, Frank Ryan of United Distillers of Ireland told reporters of his company’s intention to consolidate the production of its four distilleries.
This would be achieved in a single, large production facility to be completed by the mid-1970s, at a 48-acre site in Midleton.
Elsewhere on the front page, there were fears in Northern Ireland that Protestant extremists unhappy about the stockpiling of ‘B Specials’ arms would introduce a new element of tension into the “riot-torn” area.
“Yesterday’s decision to place weapons of the Specials under the control of the military commander, General Sir Ian Freeland, was strongly criticised by rightest Protestants, while on the other hand, some Nationalists and Civil Rights workers felt the measures announced did not go far enough, and demanded that the Specials be disarmed and disbanded.”
20 years ago
On this day 20 years ago, a number of elected officials made the front page, after it emerged they visited the villa of an Irish entrepreneur who wanted to build a privately owned terminal at Dublin Airport.
This terminal would have been in direct competition with the State-owned Aer Rianta.
Fine Gael TD Nora Owen joined the list of politicians, including then tánaiste Mary Harney, who had visited Ulick McEvaddy’s villa in the South of France.
15 years ago
Sudan’s Darfur crisis, and the unprecedented level of donations pledged by the Irish public, made the lead story of the Irish Examiner on this day 15 years ago.
In 2004, efforts to tackle the world’s worst humanitarian disaster were ongoing after the crisis flared 18 months prior.
5 years ago
Five years ago, Garda whistleblower Maurice McCabe made the front page as he handed over documentation on 3,000 terminated penalty-point cases.
Elsewhere, two flame-haired visitors from the US were giving a thumbs up to the fifth annual Red Hair Festival in Crosshaven.
On this day last year, it was the seventh birthday celebrations of a brave boy battling cancer that took up much of the front page of the Irish Examiner.
Fionn Doyle, from Kildorrey in North Cork, had the “best birthday ever” as thousands of cards and presents from around the world were delivered to his door.
A small army of helpers helped to hand out the hundreds of presents he received following an appeal from his parents Eimear and Jack.
The special delivery was made by Fionn’s local postman, who was accompanied by armed gardaí and the fire service.
Fionn had been battling leukemia for more than five years, and in May 2018 his parents had been told it was terminal. He sadly lost his battle with cancer in January 2019.
Today in history
Across the world on this day
Gene Kelly born, Stockholm syndrome coined, wildfires, and Bolt stars again
- 1305: Scottish patriot Sir William Wallace, a leader of the independence struggle against the English, was executed in London. He was hung, drawn and quartered, the death traditionally suffered by those considered traitors.
- 1617: The first one-way streets were established in London to regulate the “disorder and rude behaviour of Carmen, Draymen and others using Cartes”.
- 1754: King Louis XVI of France was born at Versailles. He came to the throne in 1774, but his reign was cut short by the French Revolution of 1789. After the French Republic was declared, Louis was guillotined in January 1793.
- 1818: The first steam ship service went into operation on the Great Lakes in North America.
- 1838: The UK captured Hong Kong to use as a base as it prepared for war with China. The ensuing three-year conflict was later known as the First Opium War.
- 1866: The Treaty of Prague formally ended the Seven Weeks’ War between Austria and Prussian-led German states.
- 1912: Legendary actor, choreographer, and dancer Gene Kelly, star of movie musicals such as Singin’ in the Rain, Anchors Aweigh, and On the Town, was born.
- 1940: German bombers launched an all night raid on London, heralding the Blitz.
- 1966: Nasa’s Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of the Earth from the Moon.
- 1973: Following a botched bank robbery in Sweden that turned into a hostage crisis, the hostages began to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term “Stockholm syndrome”.
- 1979: Bolshoi Ballet and movie star Alexander Godunov requested and was granted political asylum in the US.
- 1980: The Polish government agreed to negotiate directly with striking workers at the Gdansk shipyard.
- 1989: Citizens of the Soviet Union’s Baltic states formed a 300km human chain for freedom to mark the 50th anniversary of the Soviet-Nazi pact that led to their incorporation into the Soviet empire.
- 1990: Iraqi president Saddam Hussein appeared on television with British hostages held at “a vital Iraqi installation” in confrontation following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
- 1990: East and West Germany announced that they would reunite on October 3, healing the four-decade-long post-Second World War division.
- 1991: Boris Yeltsin humiliated Mikhail Gorbachev in the Russian Parliament after Gorbachev had thanked Yeltsin for foiling the two-day coup against him.
- 2000: A Gulf Air Airbus A320 en route from Cairo crashed while coming in to land in Bahrain, killing all 143 people aboard. It was the first disaster for Gulf Air since 1983 but brought the death toll of people killed in Airbus crashes to almost 1,400 over the previous 12 years.
- 2002: A report in Science magazine described evidence that an asteroid hit Earth some 3.5bn years ago with between 10 to 100 times the impact of the one believed to have wiped out the dinosaurs 65m years ago.
- 2006: Austrian kidnap victim Natascha Kampusch, 18, escaped after being held captive for eight years in a small, windowless basement of a house near Vienna. Her captor committed suicide by jumping under a train.
- 2009: Greek firefighters raced against time to contain wildfires threatening areas north of Athens. The blazes had razed about 37,000 acres of forest and brushland, burned dozens of homes and forced thousands to flee their homes.
- 2011: A magnitude 5.8 earthquake centred in the state of Virginia shook much of Washington DC. It was the most powerful earthquake to hit the east coast since 1897. Thousands of people were evacuated from office buildings and two nuclear reactors were automatically shut down.
- 2015: Usain Bolt produced arguably the greatest performance of his career as he beat the clear favourite, Justin Gatlin, by one hundredth of a second to retain his 100m title at the Athletics World Championships in Beijing.