A national survey of CBD products by the Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) has found that consumers are being put at risk and, in some cases, misled.
The majority of products analysed were in breach of various articles of food law and some posed potential safety risks for consumers.
Some 38 products were tested. Every one of them was found to have at least one regulatory issue that needed to be addressed. These ranged from poor labelling to unauthorised nutritional, health or medicinal claims.
There is also an issue with discrepancies between declared and actual levels of CBD in many products.
Some 37% of the products tested were deemed to be unsafe as they had levels of THC that exceeded safety limits set by EFSA. THC is Tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive constituent of cannabis.
Among the other main findings of the survey are:
The FSAI said that consumers are being grossly misled by these claims and that people could be at risk from ingesting relatively high levels of THC.
Most of the products tested were manufactured outside Ireland.
Dr Pamela Byrne, CEO of the FSAI, said it is impossible to estimate the number of CBD products available in Ireland as many are traded online:
"Also of concern is that people consuming CBD products containing significantly high levels of THC could fail a drug test and the implicated batches of the products identified in the survey are now subject to a product recall.
"We are working with the Environmental Health Service of the HSE in relation to other products identified in the survey and further appropriate action will be taken."