A tower built in tribute to one of Ireland's most celebrated politicians has reopened - 47 years after being damaged in a bomb blast.
Visitors can now climb a newly installed staircase to reach the top of O'Connell Tower in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin.
The 55-metre round tower was built in the 1850s to commemorate the life of Daniel O'Connell.
Known as the Liberator, O'Connell led the successful campaign to repeal discriminatory laws against Catholics - Catholic Emancipation - and went on to become a key figure in the political movement to repeal Ireland's union with Britain.
He founded Glasnevin cemetery in 1832 and was laid to rest there after his death in 1847 as he travelled to Rome on a pilgrimage. O'Connell's remains were later exhumed and interred in a crypt at the base of the memorial tower built in his honour.
The granite tower was a popular visitor attraction for more than century but was forced to close in 1971 when it was badly damaged in a suspected loyalist paramilitary bombing.
The blast shot up through the tower, destroying its staircase and blowing out the windows. A large crack caused by the bombing is still visible on the structure.
The crypt was refurbished a decade ago and in 2016 the Glasnevin Trust, in partnership with the Office of Public Works (OPW), began work to restore the tower and install a new 198-step staircase.
Visitors can now climb to the top and access a 360-degree panorama affording views across Dublin, Meath, Wicklow and the Irish Sea.
For the first time in almost half a century, visitors to Glasnevin Cemetery will be able to climb to the top of the iconic O’Connell Tower and enjoy unique views of Dublin. A new staircase has been installed to replace one destroyed by a bomb in 1971 pic.twitter.com/GZSL5pV6RL— Philip Bromwell (@philipbromwell) April 13, 2018
The reopening of the O'Connell Tower was marked by the laying of a time capsule at the base by students from the O'Connell School in Glasnevin.
When the foundation stones of the tower were laid in 1854 a lead time capsule containing medals, documents and objects relating to O'Connell's life was placed within it.
Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure and Reform, Paschal Donohoe, attended the reopening ceremony.
"In recent years, Glasnevin Cemetery has become a unique and unmissable Dublin attraction," he said.
"Developing from a traditional cemetery, and the resting place of more than one million people, to the home of the wonderful museum and visitor centre and an exceptionally engaging and entertaining tour, it draws tens of thousands of visitors every year.
"The restoration of the iconic O'Connell Tower, with a newly installed staircase that promises unparalleled views, adds yet another string to the already fulsome Glasnevin Cemetery bow.
Chairman of the Glasnevin Trust, John Green, said: "The reinstatement of the stairs in the O'Connell tower will allow us to experience the full magnificence of this mausoleum.
"Of course, we remember O'Connell through the bridges, streets, and squares named after him, but as we approach the centenary of the founding of our state we must remember how important O'Connell is in our nationhood.
"O'Connell lit a beacon for the peaceful parliamentary political process, a beacon carried on by (Isaac) Butt, (Charles Stewart) Parnell, (John) Redmond and, perhaps more significantly, every Taoiseach since the end of the civil war.
"Hopefully the exhibition inside the tower will not only enhance the climb but also help to reinstate Daniel O'Connell to his rightful position in the pantheon of Irish leaders."
Tickets are required to access the tower. For more information visit
- Digital Desk and Press Association