The HSE's first dedicated survey of alcohol’s harm to others in modern Ireland has found that 16% of carers have reported that children, for whom they had parental responsibility, experienced harm because of someone else’s drinking.
The report, 'The Untold Story: Harms Experienced in the Irish Population due to Others’ Drinking' highlights the fact that the harm from other people’s drinking can affect a wide range of relationships in a person’s life – family and friends, children, work colleagues and strangers.
It also reveals that half of all people living in Ireland have felt harassed, afraid or unsafe because of someone else's drinking.
It makes very clear that preventing and reducing harm to others from drinkers is an urgent public health goal - equally as important as preventing and reducing harm to the drinker due to their own drinking.
The biggest harms found in the report include: feeling unsafe, being harassed or insulted verbally, physical harassment, stress, having less money for household expenses, sleep disturbances, being a passenger with a drunk driver, ruined belongings and having to leave home due for safety.
These do not include the intangible cost of alcohol's harm to others, ie: fear, pain, suffering, lost quality of life, but the authors of the report believe they are "clearly substantial".
Children are particularly vulnerable to harm from other people’s drinking, be it within the family, among family members or in the wider community in which they live.
Prof. Robin Room, Professor of Alcohol Policy Research at University of Melbourne, noted the importance of this report to give a full picture of the harms associated with alcohol.
Prof. Room said: “For many years, the focus in discussing harms from drinking was on harms suffered by the drinker. Indeed, these harms are widespread and often severe.
"Others around the drinker, whatever their relationship with the drinker, are likely to be affected, often adversely, by changes in thinking, demeanour and behaviour which result from drinking.”
Another author of the report, Dr Ann Hope, notes the significant evidence presented.
Dr Hope said: “Given that 3 in 5 people reported a known heavy drinker in their life, suggests the risk of harm from others’ drinking is widespread in Irish society, with some of it hidden.
"The fear to personal safety due to strangers’ drinking especially in public spaces can undermine a sense of community well-being and can be felt by both drinkers and non-drinker alike.”
Another of the authors of the report, Prof. Joe Barry, hopes the findings will inform national policy around alcohol in Ireland.
Prof. Barry said: “This report provides solid evidence that harms to others from drinking are at least as widespread and of comparable magnitude to the harms to drinkers themselves.”