A total of 37 new case reports have been published by the Child Care Law Reporting Project - detailing the neglect, physical and sexual abuse of children.
The project has been giving an overview of the cases seen in the child protection courts.
The report includes details of a young girl who was taken into care because there was no heating or food at home, she ate baby formula from a tin because there was nothing else, and she was living in filthy conditions with rats in the house.
Another young girl was taken into care because of repeated beatings by her mother.
However, director of the project, Dr Carol Coulter, said that some of the reports reveal good outcomes for young people in care and their parents.
"I think it's very important to acknowledge that we're doing far better than we have in the past," she said.
"As we know, in the past, these children ended up in institutions, which were very brutal, in which very, very many of them were physically and sexually abused, and were starved and were dealt with in a very, very bad way.
"The vast majority of children in care at the moment in this country, 90% of them, are in the care of foster families."