The third profile report from Census 2016 has been published today, and it focuses on the age profile of Ireland, writes Denise O'Donoghue.
The average age of Ireland’s population continues to increase, and stood at 37.4 years in April 2016, up by 1.3 years since 2011.
Other insights include results showing that the number of both pre-school children aged 0-4 and young adults (19-24) have fallen since 2011.
Ireland’s population has been getting steadily older since the 1980’s. In Census 2016, 37.2% were aged 45 and over, compared with 34.4% in 2011 and 27.6% in 1986. Almost a third of the population - 33.2% - was less than 25 years old, while 29.5% were in the 25-44 age group.
Interactive Population Pyramids are available for each administrative county and vividly highlight the varying age profile of each county across the country. The impact of third level colleges on the 18-22 age group is evident, showing their influx into cities and towns in pursuit of education.
Nationally the average age was 37.4 years. The results show an increase in average age in every county with Kerry and Mayo the highest at 40.2 years while Fingal was the youngest at 34.3 years. The average age of the rural population was 2.4 years older than the urban population, an increase of 0.5 years on five years earlier. Females were on average 1.3 years older than their male counterparts.
Age dependency, which is measured as the number of younger (0-14) and older (65+) people as a percentage of those of working age (15-64), increased from 49.3% in 2011 to 52.7% in 2016. The number in the 65 and over category increased by 102,174 – more than twice the 15-64 age category, which rose by 44,477 since 2011.
Among the large towns (i.e. those with a population of 10,000 or over) Killarney (with an average age of 40.9 years) was the oldest, followed by Wexford (39.4), while Balbriggan (30.8) and Maynooth (31.9) were the youngest.
The number of pre-school children fell by 7% to 331,515 in April 2016. The number of pre-school children living in flats or apartments increased by 24.3% since 2011, to reach 31,891.
The number of primary school age children stood at 548,693 in 2016, an increase of 8.8% on April 2011.
Almost a third (30.7%) of primary school age children were living in rented accommodation in 2016, up from 28.7% five years earlier.
There were 371,588 13 to 18 year olds in April 2016, an increase of 7.7% since 2011. Of these teenagers, 3.9% lived in apartments in 2016.
There was a fall in the number of young adults (19-24) since 2011 to 331,208, a drop of 6.5%.
There were 2,541,294 people in this age group, an increase of 48,275 on 2011.
65 years and over
This age group saw the largest increase in population since 2011, rising by 102,174 to 637,567, a rise of 19.1%. The census recorded 456 centenarians, an increase of 17.2% on 2011. 577,171 in this older age group lived in private households, an increase of 19.6%, while those in nursing homes increased by 1,960 to 22,762.
Read the report in full here: