The government has lost a Dáíl vote on a bill preventing landlords from evicting people into homelessness.
The Solidarity-People Before Profit bill includes a ban on renovating a property as grounds for ending a lease.
Housing Minister Eoghan Murphy said the Anti-Eviction Bill risked undermining the rental sector.
However, it has been passed by 46 votes to 39, with Fianna Fáíl abstaining.
The proposed legislation now goes to committee stage.