The Mercosur trade agreement with the EU has helped to boost the market capitalisation of the world’s largest meat processing company to nearly €16 billion.
JBS SA is a Brazilian producer of beef, chicken and pork, and sells by-products from the processing of these meats.
In the week of the announcement of political agreement on the Mercosur trade deal, the JBS SA share price rose to a new high of 24.29 Brazilian reales.
What companies like JBS could get out of a trade agreement with the EU is one of the questions answered in the texts of the agreement which the European Commission published last week, as part of its transparency policy.
What will Mercosur get from the deal?
It will become easier for Mercosur to export to the EU, as far as they respect the EU high standards. The deal will also help integrate Mercosur industries into the EU’s highly innovative value chains. This in turn will help them become more competitive. Mercosur countries want to rely less on exports of commodities, and to diversify their economies, by producing higher value goods and services. The agreement will help them do so.
The trade deal will give more opportunities for Mercosur citizens to be able to provide their services in the EU, including on a temporary basis through their physical presence in EU countries, including through business contracts or as independent professionals.
With the agreement, governments in Mercosur are committing to make it easier and simpler to do business in their countries by improving the business climate. They will do so via more predictable and transparent procedures and regulations and by providing enhanced access to their market. This will help them attract more investment from Europe, as well as the rest of the world. Both the EU and Mercosur want to:
What are the main things the agreement will do?
What will the agreement mean for trade in goods?
The EU wants Mercosur to abolish import tariffs on European goods. It also wants Mercosur to remove obstacles to EU exports, such as unnecessarily restrictive rules and regulations that differ from international standards; non-automatic import licences; burdensome conformity assessment procedures.
Making it easier to export to Mercosur should benefit EU firms making and selling agri-food products, machinery, pharmaceuticals, cars, textiles, and clothing.
What will the agreement mean for trade in services and investment?
The agreement will make it easier for EU firms to sell their services to Mercosur, through local establishment and on a cross-border basis.
A wide range of services and manufacturing sectors should benefit, including business services, financial services, telecommunications, maritime transport, postal and courier services.
The agreement will reduce and eliminate discrimination and expand opportunities for EU and Mercosur service providers and investors.
The agreement will not:
For both foreign and domestic services suppliers, the agreement will not affect the capacity of regulators to develop and impose non-discriminatory rules and standards for protecting health, safety and the environment, as well as consumers, and for ensuring high quality services and services providers guaranteeing labour rights and working condition.