Serial, Making a Murderer, The Teacher’s Pet – all of these shows have one thing in common. Yes, they’re all hugely popular, but we’re talking about something else: they all centre around the gruesome murder of a woman.
Whether it’s a TV show or a podcast, our craze for murder investigations is reaching fever pitch, and today Netflix are releasing their latest true crime offering – Conversations with a Killer: The Ted Bundy Tapes. It’s yet another show centring around the notorious American serial killer, who sexually assaulted and murdered at least 30 women and girls in the 1970s.
Considering the grisly nature of these shows – particularly how more often than not it involves violence against women – our collective obsession is a curious psychological and social phenomenon. It’s like a car crash – brutal yet we can’t look away. The craze arguably started back in 2014 with the first season of the podcast Serial, exploring the death of teenager Hae-Min Lee.
But why is our attention so captured by these kinds of stories? With the popularity of true crime showing no signs of slowing down, we asked psychologist Meg Arroll what it all means.
Why am I obsessed with true crime videos. Am I a psychopath— amelia :)🎄🌹 (@curleetopp) January 17, 2019
Humans are naturally curious beings, and we’re particularly interested in lives completely removed from our own. Why else do you think celebrity culture is such a huge phenomenon? We’re obsessed with finding out about things we don’t know – the more salacious the better.
“True crime allows us to be voyeurs. Yes, to truly horrific acts, but this is the point,” Arroll explains. “It’s modern day curtain twitching, nosing on what your neighbour is up to and having an opinion on other people’s behaviour. In animals that live in groups, such as humans, being curious has an evolutionary advantage – knowing what others are up to allows you to be prepared for any challenges.”
While we’re probably not preparing for the grisly situations in these shows, this curiosity is still part of our evolutionary make-up and adds to the appeal.
Sure, we’re interested in exciting and perilous things – but most of us don’t have death wishes. Instead, we get to experience the ‘thrill’ of these shows from relative safety.
“The vast majority of us will (thankfully) not be party to any of the serious crimes in series such as Making a Murderer,” explains Arroll. “The way these programmes are edited takes us along with one of the real-life protagonists, especially in the shows that uncover alleged miscarriages of justice. We feel the highs and lows, but in the safety of our own homes.”
We begin to feel emotionally invested in the story, and swept up in the drama and excitement because it’s so far removed from our daily lives – and we’re actually in no imminent danger.
I’m conflicted about my lazy default to true crime docs/pods/books as entertainment. I’m not into consuming the abuse of women (higher rate of victimhood) as entertainment but I DO enjoy seeing rotten people caught and punished.— sophie chorich (@_chorix_) June 29, 2018
“The mass uproar at both crime itself and then a miscarriage of justice is also important for our social norms – the knowledge of what is right and wrong allows us to live together in a society,” says Arroll.
Most popular examples of true crime don’t have a clear outcome, but one thing we do know for sure is that something bad has been done. “Being able to point the finger at a wrongdoer and chastise them maintains societal norms,” Arroll says. “We have a keen sense that wrongs will be righted, and the bad guys will get their comeuppance.” Unfortunately, life isn’t always like this – these aren’t fairy tales but actual events that have happened, so the desired outcome isn’t always achieved.
Sometimes viewers or listeners are offered a kind of closure and this in itself is a reason enough to persevere. In Australian podcast The Teacher’s Pet, the main suspect was arrested and charged at the end of last year, nearly 37 years after the crime. “Ends are neatly tied-up, which offers a sense of satisfaction and comfort not often found in our actual lives,” Arroll says, but she adds: “Of course, the people in these shows rarely experience this closure and their lives are marred, court battles drag and families are shattered.”
True crime programmes are making millions for production companies, but what are the potential ramifications of our obsession with murder investigations?
“These narratives are not new, but the grisly nature of such shows and podcasts might be construed as a desensitisation to violence, which is not a positive outcome,” Arroll explains.
The fact that the majority of these shows revolve around violence against women isn’t surprising – it’s not a stretch to link it to society’s internalised misogyny and the deep-rooted structures of the patriarchy.
i wanted to watch some true crime shows today but then i remembered i stopped watching before b/c too many were about violence against women— rpg @ homestuck brain (again) (@remypost) May 17, 2017
However, there could be reasons for most of the victims being women. According to the Office of National Statistics (ONS), one woman in four experiences domestic violence in her lifetime, and two women are a killed a week by a current or former partner in England and Wales – numbers the charity Refuge argues are “grossly underestimated”. Because most of the cases investigated in these shows search for maximum intrigue, the majority of victims knew or were in a relationship with their killer – which is most likely to happen to a woman.
Constant storylines of violence against women is a divisive issue. On the one hand, it could be said to raise awareness around the scarily common issue of violence against women. It could also, in a way, be helping – in a 2010 study by psychologists at the University of Illinois, suggested that such tales help women deal with misogyny and violence.
On the otherhand, there’s the frightening possibility that the popularity of these shows is at the very least desensitising us towards violence against women, or at worst normalising it. The shows that fall into the latter category are those which barely give the female victim a voice or a ‘character’, almost ignoring her and instead focusing on the male suspect.
If you love the investigative nature of true crime shows but want to do away with all the violence, try listening to Last Seen – a podcast looking into the mystery of one of the world’s biggest art heists. It’s got mystery, suspense and glamour – and not a dead body in sight.
All four episodes of Conversations with a Killer: The Ted Bundy Tapes are available on Netflix now.
- Press Association