A rising tide of late mortgage payments and home foreclosures poses considerable dangers to the US economy, Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke warned anew as he urged Congress to take additional steps to alleviate the problems.
"High rates of delinquency and foreclosure can have substantial spillover effects on the housing market, the financial markets and the broader economy," Mr Bernanke said in a dinner speech to the Columbia Business School in New York.
"Therefore, doing what we can to avoid preventable foreclosures is not just in the interest of lenders and borrowers. It's in everybody's interest," he said.
Some 1.5 million US homes entered into the foreclosure process last year, up 53% from 2006, Mr Bernanke said. The rate of new foreclosures looks likely to be even higher this year, he said.
To provide more relief, Mr Bernanke again called on Congress to give the Federal Housing Administration, which insures mortgages, more flexibility to help distressed borrowers at risk of losing their homes.
He also again urged lawmakers to move ahead on legislation revamping Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which finance mortgages. He also called on the two mortgage giants to quickly raise new capital.
House leaders plan action on those and other housing measures this week.
"Conditions in mortgage markets remain quite difficult," the Fed chief said.
The reasons behind surging late payments and foreclosures can vary and that needs to be taken into account when developing solutions, Mr Bernanke said.
For instance, parts of New England, states in the Great Lakes, including Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin, show increased mortgage delinquencies and "notable increases" in unemployment rates, he said.
California, Florida and parts of Colorado, on the other hand, saw delinquencies rise during a period when unemployment generally decreased but the value of homes declined, he said.
Mortgage companies are used to dealing with delinquencies related to life events, such as job loss or an illness, with the most common approaches being a temporary repayment plan or the folding of missed payments into the principal balance, Mr Bernanke said.
"A widespread decline in home prices, by contrast, is a relatively novel phenomenon, and lenders and servicers will have to develop new and flexible strategies to deal with this issue," he added.