World War II veteran and Vietnam critic McGovern passes

George McGovern, a proud liberal who argued fervently against the Vietnam War as a senator from South Dakota and suffered one of the most crushing defeats in presidential election history against Richard Nixon in 1972, died yesterday.

He was 90.

A spokesman for McGovern’s family, Steve Hildebrand, told reporters that McGovern died at 5:15am yesterday at a hospice in Sioux Falls, surrounded by family and lifelong friends.

“We are blessed to know that our father lived a long, successful and productive life advocating for the hungry, being a progressive voice for millions and fighting for peace.

“He continued giving speeches, writing and advising all the way up to and past his 90th birthday, which he celebrated this summer,” a family statement released by Hildebrand said.

A decorated World War II bomber pilot, McGovern said he learned to hate war by waging it.

In his disastrous race against Nixon, he promised to end the conflict in Vietnam and cut defence spending by billions of dollars.

He helped create the Food for Peace programme and spent much of his career believing the US should be more accommodating to the former Soviet Union.

Never a showman, he made his case with a style as plain as the prairies where he grew up, often sounding more like the Methodist minister he’d once studied to be than a longtime US senator and three-time candidate for president.

And McGovern never shied from the word “liberal”, even as other Democrats blanched at the label and Republicans used it as an epithet.

“I am a liberal and always have been,” McGovern said in 2001. “Just not the wild-eyed character the Republicans made me out to be.”

Americans voting for president in 1972 were aware of the Watergate break-in, but the most damaging details of Nixon’s involvement would not emerge until after election day.

McGovern tried to make a campaign issue out of the bungled attempt to wiretap the offices of the Democratic National Committee, and he called Nixon the most corrupt president in history, but the issue could not eclipse the embarrassing mis-steps of his own campaign.

McGovern was tortured by the selection of Missouri Sen Thomas F Eagleton as vice-presidential nominee, and 18 days later, following the disclosure that Eagleton had undergone electroshock therapy for depression, the decision to drop him from the ticket despite having pledged to back him “1,000%”.

It was at once the most memorable and the most damaging line of his campaign, and called “possibly the most single damaging faux pas ever made by a presidential candidate” by the late political writer Theodore H White.

After a hard day’s campaigning — Nixon did virtually none — McGovern would complain to those around him that nobody was paying attention. With R Sargent Shriver as his running mate, he went on to carry only Massachusetts and the District of Columbia, winning just 38% of the popular vote.

“Tom and I ran into a little snag back in 1972 that in the light of my much advanced wisdom today, I think was vastly exaggerated,” McGovern said at an event with Eagleton in 2005. Noting that Nixon and his running mate, Spiro Agnew, would both ultimately resign, he joked: “If we had run in 1974 instead of 1972, it would have been a piece of cake.”

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